The e-petition to "scrap the proposed introduction of ID cards" has now
closed. The petition stated that "The introduction of ID cards will not
prevent terrorism or crime, as is claimed. It will be yet another
indirect tax on all law-abiding citizens of the UK". This is a response
from the Prime Minister, Tony Blair.

The petition calling for the Government to abandon plans for a National
ID Scheme attracted almost 28,000 signatures - one of the largest
responses since this e-petition service was set up. So I thought I
would reply personally to those who signed up, to explain why the
Government believes National ID cards, and the National Identity
Register needed to make them effective, will help make Britain a safer

The petition disputes the idea that ID cards will help reduce crime or
terrorism. While I certainly accept that ID cards will not prevent all
terrorist outrages or crime, I believe they will make an important
contribution to making our borders more secure, countering fraud, and
tackling international crime and terrorism. More importantly, this is
also what our security services - who have the task of protecting this
country - believe.

So I would like to explain why I think it would be foolish to ignore
the opportunity to use biometrics such as fingerprints to secure our
identities.  I would also like to discuss some of the claims about
costs - particularly the way the cost of an ID card is often inflated
by including in estimates the cost of a biometric passport which, it
seems certain, all those who want to travel abroad will soon need.

In contrast to these exaggerated figures, the real benefits for our
country and its citizens from ID cards and the National Identity
Register, which will contain less information on individuals than the
data collected by the average store card, should be delivered for a
cost of around 3 a year over its ten-year life.

But first, it's important to set out why we need to do more to secure
our identities and how I believe ID cards will help. We live in a world
in which people, money and information are more mobile than ever
before. Terrorists and international criminal gangs increasingly
exploit this to move undetected across borders and to disappear within
countries. Terrorists routinely use multiple identities - up to 50 at a
time. Indeed this is an essential part of the way they operate and is
specifically taught at Al-Qaeda training camps. One in four criminals
also uses a false identity. ID cards which contain biometric
recognition details and which are linked to a National Identity
Register will make this much more difficult.

Secure identities will also help us counter the fast-growing problem of
identity fraud. This already costs 1.7 billion annually. There is no
doubt that building yourself a new and false identity is all too easy
at the moment. Forging an ID card and matching biometric record will be
much harder.

I also believe that the National Identity Register will help police
bring those guilty of serious crimes to justice. They will be able, for
example, to compare the fingerprints found at the scene of some 900,000
unsolved crimes against the information held on the register. Another
benefit from biometric technology will be to improve the flow of
information between countries on the identity of offenders.

The National Identity Register will also help improve protection for
the vulnerable, enabling more effective and quicker checks on those
seeking to work, for example, with children. It should make it much
more difficult, as has happened tragically in the past, for people to
slip through the net.

Proper identity management and ID cards also have an important role to
play in preventing illegal immigration and illegal working.  The
effectiveness on the new biometric technology is, in fact, already
being seen. In trials using this technology on visa applications at
just nine overseas posts, our officials have already uncovered 1,400
people trying illegally to get back into the UK.

Nor is Britain alone in believing that biometrics offer a massive
opportunity to secure our identities. Firms across the world are
already using fingerprint or iris recognition for their staff. France,
Italy and Spain are among other European countries already planning to
add biometrics to their ID cards. Over 50 countries across the world
are developing biometric passports, and all EU countries are proposing
to include fingerprint biometrics on their passports. The introduction
in 2006 of British e-passports incorporating facial image biometrics
has meant that British passport holders can continue to visit the
United States without a visa.  What the National Identity Scheme does
is take this opportunity to ensure we maximise the benefits to the UK.

These then are the ways I believe ID cards can help cut crime and
terrorism. I recognise that these arguments will not convince those who
oppose a National Identity Scheme on civil liberty grounds. They will,
I hope, be reassured by the strict safeguards now in place on the data
held on the register and the right for each individual to check it. But
I hope it might make those who believe ID cards will be ineffective
reconsider their opposition.

If national ID cards do help us counter crime and terrorism, it is, of
course, the law-abiding majority who will benefit and whose own
liberties will be protected.  This helps explain why, according to the
recent authoritative Social Attitudes survey, the majority of people
favour compulsory ID cards.

I am also convinced that there will also be other positive benefits. A
national ID card system, for example, will prevent the need, as now, to
take a whole range of documents to establish our identity. Over time,
they will also help improve access to services.

The petition also talks about cost. It is true that individuals will
have to pay a fee to meet the cost of their ID card in the same way,
for example, as they now do for their passports. But I simply don't
recognise most claims of the cost of ID cards. In many cases, these
estimates deliberately exaggerate the cost of ID cards by adding in the
cost of biometric passports. This is both unfair and inaccurate.

As I have said, it is clear that if we want to travel abroad, we will
soon have no choice but to have a biometric passport. We estimate that
the cost of biometric passports will account for 70% of the cost of the
combined passports/id cards. The additional cost of the ID cards is
expected to be less than 30 or 3 a year for their 10-year lifespan.
Our aim is to ensure we also make the most of the benefits these
biometric advances bring within our borders and in our everyday lives.

Yours sincerely,

Tony Blair

Useful Links

10 Downing Street home page

James Hall, the official in charge of delivering the ID card scheme,
will be answering questions on line on 5th March. You can put your
question to him here

To see his last web chat in November 2006, see:

Identity and Passport Service

Home Office Identity Fraud Steering Committee